Let me ask you: Are you aware of all the amazing architecture of this country?
Maybe you’re missing some of these amazing buildings. Maybe you’re missing them all. Here is Part II of “50+ Architectural Reasons to Visit Every Province in Spain (1/2)” just in case you’ve missed it.
Location: Muelle de la Marina, 08005 (Barcelona)
Project by: IaaC (www.iaac.net)
Designed by: Rodrigo Rubio
Photographs by: Adrià Goula
Brief Description: ENDESA Pavilion is a self-sufficient solar prototype that is used as control room for monitoring and testing several projects related to intelligent power management. A facade composed by modular components, like solar brick, that respond to photovoltaic gaining, solar protection, insulation, ventilation, lighting … The same parametric logic adapt façade geometries to the specific environmental requirements for each point of the building. Read more here.
Other projects in Barcelona: Barcelona Biomedical Research Park (Manel Brullet & Albert de Pineda), Barcelona Pavilion (Mies van der Rohe), Porta Fira Towers (Toyo Ito AA + Fermín Vázquez) and Roca Barcelona Gallery (OAB)
Les Cols Pavilions
Location: Lugar Mas les Cols, 0 S/N, 17800 Olot, (Gerona)
Architect: RCR Arquitectes
Brief Description: This 13th-century house was converted into one of the world’s best dining establishments. Then five luxury rooms where guests could also spend the night were recently added. These spaces are generated from partial coverings, between the high walls that protect them, and a route that descends. Everything is made of glass. A world of unexpected textures and reflections resemble the typical mountains in the town of Olot and the volcanic region of la Garrotxa. Read more here.
Other projects in Gerona: Parque de Piedra Tosca (RCR Arquitectes), Espacio Público Teatro La Lira (RCR Arquitectes + PUIGCORBÉ arquitectes), Guarderia ‘Els Colors’ (RCR Arquitectes) and Casa Collage (Ramón Bosch y Bet Capdeferro)
Location: Passeig Pompeu Fabra, 19, 25620 Tremp (Lérida)
Architect: Oikosvia Arqutiectura
Brief Description: This building is a territorial support facility for the works of the Geological Institute of Catalonia, but it is also built for all the geologists from all around the world who come to the Pyrenees to learn Hydrocarbon Geology. The facility is conceived as an abstraction of an “iron monolith”, compact and of pure shape, which represents in one of its sides a “balma” (in catalan, a type of small cave in the base of a rocky formation) which guides us to the inside. It is formed by means of an exterior skin, the façade, formed by Weathering Steel plates perforated with little holes of different diameter. The plates reproduce a monochrome version of the geological map of the region. Read more here.
Other projects in Lérida: Teatro y Centro de Conferencias La Llotja (Mecanoo), Ricard Viñes Square (Benedetta Tagliabue), PCITAL GARDENY (Pich-Aguilera Architects), Footbridge over the River Segre (Ravetllat Ribas Architects), CUNIPIC Headquarters (CODIstudio) and Catedral de la Seu Vella
Centro Cívico de Ferreries
Location: Plaça Joan Monclús, 43500 Tortosa (Tarragona)
Brief Description: The old local market of Ferreries, after falling into disuse for several years, has been restored and extended to become the new Cultural Center of this neighborhood. An important relation it’s established between the market and its extension, understanding the lines of horizontal composition -cornice and skirting board-, opposing the height of the new facade, contrasting the white interior of the nave, of blended and homogeneous light, of acoustics muffled by wood strips; to a new dark facade, of accentuated shadows by the grooved texture of the material. Read more here.
Other projects in Tarragona: Museo de la Energía [ARQUITECTURIA], Edificio 112 (ACXT Arquitectos), Teatro de Sagunto, Catedral de Santa María (Joan Figuerola y Joan Gavaldá), Hospital Universitario Sant Joan de Reus (Pich-Aguilera Architects + Corea & Moran Arquitectura)
Location: Plaza de Domingo Gascón, 44001 (Teruel)
Architect: Mi5 Arquitectos + PKMN [pacman]
Brief Description: Teruel’s underground, as thematic parks as Dinópolis want to spread, is full of discoveries that remind us the lost existence of a powerful life in the origins of the province. The big buried volume pushes the earth surface till it brakes and produces a new urban topography. The visitants will settle this surface that becomes into a public square, and they will go down in between the stratums, being entertained by meeting activities, fun and sports. Read more here.
Other projects in Teruel: Plaza del Torico (b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos), Torre de San Martín, Rehabilitación Casa Julve Escuela Municipal de Música (Magén Arquitectos), Catedral de Santa María and Sede de la Comarca del Bajo Martín (Magén Arquitectos)
Spanish Pavilion Expo Zaragoza 2008
Location: Calle Pablo Ruiz Picasso, 61-D, 50018 (Zaragoza)
Architect: Francisco Mangado
Brief Description: The task at hand was to raise a building that would represent Spain while addressing the Expo theme: water and its environmental implications. Evoking the space of a forest, or of a cluster of bamboos on a surface of water, was the project’s underlying idea. On one hand was a desire to create a building mechanism that could create incredible possibilities from the point of view of energy logic and environmental awareness, an essential and symbolic aspiration for the future Spanish Pavilion at the International Exposition of Zaragoza. But on the other hand, one of the most attractive spaces one can possibly deal with, in terms of both matter and light, would be transferred to the field of architecture. Forests are changing spaces, full of hints and nuances, where concepts like verticality and depth play a key role. Read more here.
Other projects in Zaragoza: Espacio Arqueológico en Daroca (Sergio Sebastián Franco), Lolita (Langarita Navarro Arquitectos), Zaragoza Train Station (Carlos Ferrater), Zaragoza Bridge Pavilion (Zaha Hadid + Patrick Schumacher), Estación de Telecabina (Vicens + Ramos), Nueva Terminal del Aeropuerto (Vidal y Asociados Arquitectos), Auditorium And Congress Center (Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos), The Ronda Building (Estudio Lamela) and Elevated Sports Court at Lasalle Franciscanas School (J1 Arquitectos)
City of Jaca Hockey Arena
Location: Avenida Perimetral, s/n · 22700 Jaca (Huesca)
Architect: Coll-Barreu Arquitectos
Brief Description: The City of Jaca Hockey Arena has been the most representative facility of the European Youth Olimpic Festival of Jaca 2007, the first event in the Pyrennes. Two ice rinks allow the pavillion to celebrate hockey, figure skating, short track curling competitions, being simultaneously a recreational ice center. The Dome takes the strength of the nearby Oroel Mount and the Pyrenee peaks, and meets directly the ground without any sort of façade. As a drop of water, the content is contained by no container at all. Read more here.
Other projects in Huesca: Refurbishment of the West Tower in Huesca City Hall (ACXT), Espacio Salto Del Roldan (Sixto Marin Gavin), Catedral de Santa María (Guillem Ingles), Laboratory Canfranc (Basilio Tobías), Palacio de Congresos (Rafael Beneytez Duran), Balneario de Panticosa (Moneo Brock Studio), Palacio Municipal de Huesca (Enric Miralles) and CDAN. Centro de Arte y Naturaleza (Rafael Moneo)
Aire de Bárdenas Hotel
Location: NA-125, 31500 Tudela (Navarra)
Architect: Emiliano López & Mónica Rivera Arquitectos
Brief Description: Its name explains it all: in the middle of a wheat field, surrounded by the desertic landscape of the Bardenas Reales natural reserve, Hotel Aire de Bardenas is conceived as a shelter from the dry winds or “Aire” of the desert. Providing protection from the wind, they also create courts and multiple views in and out of the hotel. The rooms are divided into either those close to the main building with their own private court or those standing right on the wheat fields. Read more here.
Other projects in Navarra: Baluarte (Francisco Mangado), Colegio “El Redin” (Otxotorena Arquitectos), Escuela Infantil (Javier Larraz), Iglesia San Jorge (Tabuenca & Leache) and Shelter Home for the Homeless (Javier Larraz)
Location: Avenida Abandoibarra, 2, 48009 Bilbao (Vizcaya)
Architect: Frank Gehry
Brief Description: Set on the edge of the Nervión River in Bilbao, Spain, the Guggenheim Museum is a fusion of complex, swirling forms and captivating materiality that responds to an intricate program and an industrial urban context. With over a hundred exhibitions and more than ten million visitors to its recognition, Frank Gehry’s Guggenheim Museum Bilbao not only changed the way that architects and people think about museums, but also boosted Bilbao’s economy with its astounding success. Read more here.
Other projects in Vizcaya: Paraninfo de la UPV (Álvaro Siza), Biblioteca de la Universidad de Deusto (Rafael Moneo), La Equitativa (Manuel I. Galíndez), Sheraton Hotel (Legorreta+ Legorreta), Zubizuri Bridge (Santiago Calatrava), Metro Bilbao (Foster) and La Alhóndiga (Philippe Starck)
Location: Avenida de Zurriola, 1, 20002 Donostia-San Sebastián (Guipúzcoa)
Architect: Rafael Moneo
Brief Description: These two large prismatic volumes, that emerge from a platform. Each “cube” (as they are known), is formed by an inner prismatic structure, surrounded by double translucent glass panels, which are supported by a metallic structure. Read more here.
Other projects in Gipúzcoa: Museo San Telmo (Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos), Basque Culinary Center (VAUMM), Palacio de Aiete (isuuru arquitectos)
Marqués de Riscal Winery Complex
Location: Calle Torrea 1, 01340 Elciego (Álava)
Architect: Frank Gehry
Brief Description: Ciudad del Vino – City of Wine, is a complex comprising the oldest winery of Rioja, the winery of Marqués de Riscal (1858) and the new landmark complex, which houses a hotel, a spa of wine therapy, an exclusive restaurant, a meeting and conference center and a banquet hall. Like the Guggenheim in Bilbao, the building is covered with titanium. In this case, however, the architect wanted to infuse his work with the signature colors of Marqués de Riscal: pink like the wine, gold like the mesh on the Riscal bottles, and silver like the bottle top. Inside, a glass elevator descends into the cellar which holds some 3,000 bottles. Read more here.
Other projects in Álava: Museo Arqueológico de Vitoria (Francisco Mangado), Vital Building (Mozas Aguirre arquitectos), Ikea Restaurant (Javier Mariscal), Fundación Sancho El Sabio (Roberto Ercilla Arquitectura) CIC ENERGIGUNE (ACXT Arquitectos) and Rampas Mecánicas (Roberto Ercilla Arquitectura)
35. La Rioja
Estación de Trenes de Alta Velocidad en Logroño
Location: Avenida de Colón, 83 Logroño: 26003 (La Rioja)
Architect: Ábalos + Sentkiewicz arquitectos
Pictures by: José Hevia
Brief Description: The station serves as a starting point of a new urban project, which re-establishes the connectivity between the North and South of the city and leads to a large public park where the roof is an integrated part giving its geometry and topography to the volume. The opportunity to rethink the typology of the station that the burial of the tracks means, should be a shift in the form of conceiving them. Intermodal Stations are an opportunity to transform the city, creating public spaces, developing green belts, promoting pedestrian and bicycle mobility; an opportunity to create a new topography to intensify the experience of the city as a collective process. Read more here.
Other projects in La Rioja: Viña Tondonia Winery Pavilion (Zaha Hadid), Social Housing (Toyo Ito), Bodegas Ysios (Santiago Calatrava), Ayuntamiento de Logroño (Rafael Moneo), Centro Tecnológico (Farshid Moussavi & Alejandro Zaera) Ermita Virgen de la Antigua (Otxotorena Arquitectos), Bodega Institucional La Grajera (Virai Arquitectos), New Shelter in Ruavieja (Sergio Rojo) and Concatedral de Santa María de la Redonda
Plaza Mayor Almazán
Location: Plaza Mayor Almazán, 42200 (Soria)
Architect: ch+qs arquitectos
Brief Description: Settled in the middle of the Castillian Landscape, the historical town of Almazan appears strategically on the top of a walled hill, and in the higher point is where the historical remains are surrounded by the piazza, with a strong medieval flavor. Its location on top of a watchtower and the edge of a meander of the Douro river, makes it a public space with a great landscape value. Redesigning the sequence of viewpoints of the river and the woods surrounding the Plaza. Creating a walking tour around San Miguel and the City through gateways and flown items was the main purpose of this project. Read more here.
Other projects in Soria: Monasterio de San Juan de Duero, Ermita de San Saturio (Pedro de Ajín), Iglesia de Santo Domingo and Concatedral de San Pedro
Oficinas Ribera del Duero
Location: Calle del Hospital, 6, 09300 Roa (Burgos)
Architect: Estudio Barozzi Veiga
Brief Description: The site, on the edge of the town, has been sculpted by the city and the landscape, and the project (Ribera del Duero HQ), interprets this conditions, showing the essential features that bring us closer to understanding it. Aware of the re-composition of the small scale context, and at the same time, establishing a dialogue with the horizon and the landscape monumentality, through the tower volume. Read more here.
Other projects in Burgos: Burgos Justice Palace (Estudio Primitivo Gonzalez), Catedral, Human Evolution Complex (Juan Navarro Baldeweg), Rehabilitación Monasterio de las Clarisas (a3gm), Cartuja de Miraflores, Iglesia de Santa María la Real y Antigua de Gamonal and Centro de Arte Caja de Burgos CAB (AU. arquitectos)
The Aqueduct of Segovia
Location: Plaza del Azoguejo, 1, 40001 (Segovia)
Brief Description: For 2,000+ years, Aqueducto de Segovia has been conveying drinking water from the Frio River to Segovia, approximately 18 kilometers away. Built under the reign of Roman emperor Trajan, the aqueduct is one of the most intact and best-preserved Roman engineering masterpieces. To span the River Clamores outside Segovia and reach the city, they constructed the massive 270-meter-long aqueduct using over 24,000 Guadarrama granite blocks carefully fitted together to support themselves without the use of mortar. Read more here.
Other projects in Segovia: University Campus of Segovia (Ricardo Sánchez González + José Ignacio Linazasoro Rodríguez), Catedral de Santa María (Juan Gil de Hontañón), Iglesia de San Martín and Alcázar de Segovia
Espacio Jóven Municipal
Location: Calle Cardenal Pla y Deniel, 8, 05001 (Ávila)
Architect: BmasC Arquitectosc
Brief Description: The rehabilitation project of an ancient two-storey house for Municipal Youth Space involved a research on the layout of the blocks where it is located, trying to follow up the same pattern. For this purpose, the use of color bands arise in two meters across the width of the building, both in the horizontal (floor) and vertical (windows) planes. The building was constructed using local products and natural materials. Read more here.
Other projects in Ávila: Mirador School (BmasC Arquitectos), Catedral del Salvador de Ávila (Pedro Berruguete), Muralla, Ermita de San Segundo and Centro de Congresos y Exhibiciones de Ávila (Francisco Mangado)
Catedral de Salamanca
Location: Calle Cardenal Pla y Deniel, 37008 (Salamanca)
Architect: J. Gil de Hontañón and his son Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón
Brief Description: The new cathedral was constructed without the subsequent destruction of the old cathedral as normally happened but a wall of the new cathedral, leans on the North wall of the old one. For this reason, the old cathedral had to be reinforced, and the bell tower was constructed on the old one. The new one began at a time when the gothic style was becoming less popular and was merging with the new Renaissance style, giving the resulting Plateresco style in Spain. Among the ornate carvings on the façade is the incongruous likeness of an astronaut floating in space. The New Cathedral was undergoing restoration work during that period, and one of the artisans engaged in the project chose to engage in a bit of tradition by “signing” his work with a contemporary symbol representative of the 20th century: an astronaut. Read more here.
Other projects in Salamanca: Universidad de Salamanca, esp. façade (Alonso Rodríguez Carpintero), Convento de San Esteban (Juan de Álava), Casa de las Conchas (Rodrigo Maldonado de Talavera), Palacio de Congresos (Juan Navarro Baldeweg), Casa Lis (Juan Villaplana) and Ayuntamiento de Santa Marta de Tormes (Sanchez Gil Arquitectos)
Museo Nacional de Escultura
Location: Calle de las Cadenas de San Gregorio, 1, 47011 (Valladolid)
Architect: Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos
Brief Description: The San Gregorio College is one of the most outstanding buildings in Valladolid, a representative of the characteristic late Gothic in late 15th century in Spain. The traces left by each of its interventions over the years are a reflection of the real life of the building which, far from being frozen at a certain point in time, has adapted the building to a wide diversity of uses such as a college, a prison, an administration centre and now as a museum. Read more here.
Other projects in Valladolid: Museo Patio Herreriano (Juan Carlos Arnuncio Pastor, Clara Aizpún Bobadilla and Javier Blanco Martín), Palacio de Pimentel (Ángel Ríos), Bodega Qumrán (Konkrit Blu Arquitectura), Centro Cultural Miguel Delibes (Ricardo Bofill), Museo de la Ciencia (Rafael Moneo), Bodegas Montepedroso (3.14GA)
Location: Calle Obispo Manso, 1, 49001 (Zamora)
Architect: Alberto Campo Baeza, Pablo Fernández Lorenzo, Pablo Redondo Díez, Francisco Blanco Velasco and Alfonso González Gaisán
Brief Description: Facing the cathedral and following the outline of the former convent’s kitchen garden, the project was erected inside a strong stone wall box open to the sky. Its walls and floors entirely made of stone. The very same stone as the Cathedral. A real Hortus Conclusus. The external skin of the facade is made of glass, each single sheet measuring 600x300x1,2 and all joined together simply with structural silicone and hardly anything else. Read more here.
Other projects in Zamora: Teatro Ramos Carrión (MGM), Oficinas de la Diputación Provincial de Zamora (G+F Arquitectos), Catedral de Zamora, Iglesia de Santa María la Nueva and Ayuntamiento Viejo
MUSAC (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo)
Location: Avenida Reyes Leoneses, 24, 24008 (León)
Architect: Luis M. Mansilla y Emilio Tuñón
Brief Description: The geometry of the floor plan is one of the most outstanding characteristics of the museum. A complex geometry that was inherited from certain pavements of Roman origin that by means of two polygons (square and rhomboid), which lays out a continuous regular or irregular surface on a plane. The mosaic of 37 colored glass panes that greet the visitor from the main facade was taken from the digitalization of an image of “The Falconer” from the León Cathedral. It is one of the oldest stained glass windows of the cathedral (from the 13th century). The structure is developed from an open concept, composed by several patios and “plazas”, which create a secret geography within the building. Read more here.
Other projects in León: Catedral de León, Auditorio Ciudad de León (Luis M. Mansilla y Emilio Tuñón), Panteón de los Reyes de San Isidoro, Palacio de los Guzmanes (Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón), Casa Botines (Antonio Gaudí) and Edificio Pallarés (Museo de León)
Centro Cívico Cultural de Palencia
Location: Av de Valladolid, 26, 34004 (Palencia)
Architect: EXIT Architects
Brief Description: The former Palencia Provincial Prison complex was created at the end of the XIX century, built with brick bearing walls following the “neomudéjar” style, and composed mainly of four two-storey wings and some other with one storey. On this building was planned a comprehensive refurbishment to transform the former use and convert it into a center that promotes the social and cultural activity in this part of the town. It is a project that respects the existing building, which is given a contemporary, lighter appearance, and where the natural light will play a key role. Read more here.
Other projects in Palencia: Soccer Stadium La Balastera (Francisco Mangado), Iglesia de San Miguel, Iglesia de San Martín de Tours and Museo del Agua (MID Estudio)
Palacio de Festivales de Santander
Location: Calle de Gamazo, 39004 Santander (Cantabria)
Architect: Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza
Brief Description: This building is the current site of the prestigious Santander International Festival. With a multidisciplinary approach (theater, cinema, music, dance), this cultural center offers an artistic program continued throughout the year. The predominant materials in the building are marble and copper. Its main entrance is inspired by the Greek theaters inside and out for its acoustic needs. Since its opening, the building was surrounded by controversy due to its final over cost, its monumental size, the lack of natural light in the interior and the issue that the access was through the lower part of the stage. Read more here.
Other projects in Cantabria: Rehabilitación del Seminario Mayor de Comillas (Fernandez-Abascal y Muruzabal; Alonso y Barrientos; Ulargui y Pesquera), Centro Cívico (Capilla Vallejo Arquitectos), Iglesia de Santa María de la Asunciónand Mercado de la Esperanza (Eduardo Reynals and Juan Moya) and Escenario Santander (Capilla Vallejo Arquitectos)
Centro Cultural Internacional Oscar Niemeyer
Location: Avenida del Zinc, s/n, 33400 Avilés (Asturias)
Architect: Oscar Niemeyer
Brief Description: As a present for the 25th Anniversary of the Prince of Asturias Awards, Niemeyer donated a project to the Principality of Asturias. His design has become a project meant to be an international reference in the cultural field. It is dedicated to education, culture and peace.This centre is the first Oscar Niemeyer’s work in Spain, and he has said he believes it is the most important in Europe,which is the reason its name is “Centro Niemeyer”. Read more here.
Other projects in Asturias: Archaeological Museum of Oviedo (PardoTapia Arquitectos), LABoral Centro de Arte y Creación Industrial, Headquarters for the Asturias Association of Architects in Oviedo (Ruíz Larrea & Asociados), CAEaCLAVELES Residence + Hotel (longo+roldán arquitectos), Santa María del Naranco, San Miguel de Lillo and Santa Cueva de Covadonga
Location: Puerto de Ribadeo, 27700 (Lugo)
Architect: Abalo Alonso Arquitectos
Brief Description: Connecting the port to the historical quarter it poses a difficult challenge: a difference in floor level of more than 20m. People living at the historical quarter find it difficult to get to the port. Tourists getting to the port or the marina find it difficult to get to the historical quarter. The problem has been put forward: improving the connections between both worlds; transforming, or using the difference in floor level as a connection hub. Read more here.
Other projects in Lugo: Catedral de Santa María (Francisco de Moure), Comisaría Lugo (Mestura Arquitectes), Muralla romana, Circulo de las Artes (Luis Bellido) and Casa Consistorial (Antonio Ferro Caaveiro)
Piscina Universitaria para el Campus de Orense
Location: Rúa Doctor Temes, 0, 32004 (Orense)
Architect: Francisco Mangado
Brief Description: The plot chosen is at the highest point of the university campus, a location that gives it a special value in the relationship between the city of Orense and the campus, currently encumbered by the presence of a busy road between them. The platform is designed with bold projections supported by a strong base that, aside from spanning the existing drops, shapes the pools and contains all the water treatment services and necessary systems for the correct performance of the program. The contrast between this massive, topographic base and the cantilevering light glass surfaces surrounding the public level of swimming pools is one the basic formal arguments of the project. Read more here.
Other projects in Orense: Escuela Infantil (abalo alonso arquitectos), Catedral and Jardines de las Burgas
Colegio de Arquitectos en Vigo
Location: Rúa do Doutor Cadaval, 5, 36202 Vigo (Pontevedra)
Architect: Jesús Irisarri Castro y Guadalupe Piñera Manso
Brief Description: This building has been designed in order to meet changing conditions, adapting itself to the environment, the program and the weather. One of the main challenges was to create a sustainable building. Therefore, between the two layers that make up the facade system it develops a circulation path which works independently or as an annexation depending on the program. The creation of this double skin facade has allowed functional approaches that put togheter circulations and thermal efficiency. Read more here.
Other projects in Pontevedra: Universidade de Vigo (E. Miralles), Ayuntamiento de Lalín (Tuñón y Mansilla), Museo de Pontevedra (UP Arquitectos), Centro Comarcal en Caldas de Reis (Estudio de Arquitectura NAOS) and Catedral de Santa María de Tuy
50. La Coruña
MUNCYT (Museo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología)
Location: Plaza del Museo Nacional, 1, 15011 (La Coruña)
Architect: Victoria Acebo and Ángel Alonso
Brief Description: The Center for the Arts was conceived as a single container to house two buildings of diverse nature: the new Dance Conservatory of the provincial Council of A Coruña and a Provincial Museum of ambiguous content. A concrete tree that contains the school of dance into its branches and, surrounding this treelike shape it was the Museum, between the object and the limit. IN means that you’re into the Conservatory; ON means you’re at the Museum. Read more here.
Other projects in La Coruña: Centro Gallego de Arte Contemporáneo (Álvaro Siza), Malpica Harbour (CREUSeCARRASCO Arquitectos), Palacio de la Ópera (Grupo TAU), Torre de Control Marítimo (Santiago Rey Pedreira y González Cebrián), Fundación Rubido Romero (Ábalo Alonso Arquitectos), Colegiata de Santa María and Catedral de Santiago de Compostela (Bernardo el viejo and Galperinus Robertus)